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Which Dog Vaccines Are Absolutely Necessary? – A Dog Vaccination Review

Like your child, even your furry family members need Vaccines. Vaccination is one of the essential ways to provide your Dog with a long and healthy life. It’s a procedure with risks and benefits which weighs on your Dog for his lifestyle and health. Interestingly, there are different vaccines for different diseases and various types and combinations for them. In a nutshell, the vaccines provide the Dog with a disease-enabling organism that helps to stimulate his immune system and further tells the body how to fight those diseases in the future. 

Are Dog Vaccinations Necessary?  

There is a lot of debate surrounding the topic which dog vaccines are absolutely necessary? Vaccinating dogs helps protect them from various extremely dangerous and infectious diseases. Mothers pass on some immunity to their pups through colostrum in their milk when they are born. But this immunity acts temporarily. The best way to guarantee your Dog a long, happy life is to help offer them protection through Vaccination against common diseases.

How Does the Vaccination in My Dog Work? 

According to NOAH, a UK-based animal rights organization, “Vaccines work by stimulating an immune response in an animal without causing the disease itself. The immune system of healthy animals responds to vaccines and remembers the infectious agents against which they are vaccinated. This means, if appropriately vaccinated animals are exposed to the pathogen against which they have been vaccinated, they can expect a level of protection from disease.”

How Long Do Dog Vaccines Last?

Dog vaccines are an important part of keeping your pet healthy. They help protect against serious and potentially deadly diseases. But how long do dog vaccines last? The answer depends on the vaccine and the animal’s age, health, and lifestyle. Some vaccines offer lifelong protection, while others may need to be given more often. For example- in an adult dog, the rabies vaccine lasts for almost 3 years, but a puppy should receive its rabies vaccine at 16 weeks, 1 year, and then at the age of 4.  

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Which Dog Vaccines Are Absolutely Necessary?

Vaccination is important for puppies and dogs because of the risk of exposure, the severity and excessiveness of the disease, and the risk of transmission to other dogs and animals. But you must know which dog vaccines are absolutely necessary?

#Core Dog Vaccines

  • Distemper in dogs is extremely contagious and often found to be a fatal viral infection. It has a detrimental effect on the respiratory and nervous systems. 
  • Hepatitis is a viral liver infection that can cause serious kidney damage.
  • Parvovirus is a highly contagious and often fatal virus that produces severe vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and dehydration, among other symptoms. Puppies under six months of age are particularly vulnerable. 
  • Parainfluenza virus includes symptoms such as coughing, loss of appetite, a lack of energy, nasal discharge, and fever. 
  • Rabies is a fatal disease that can infect people and other animals. The Rabies vaccine for dogs is mandated by law in most states. 

The DHPP vaccine for dogs combines these four – Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, and Parainfluenza vaccine for dogs. It is occasionally given as a single injection.

#Non Core Vaccines for Dogs

  • A bite from a tick carrying Lyme disease causes a bacterial infection. Long-term effects of Lyme disease include renal failure, lameness, and persistent joint and muscle stiffness.
  • Infected water, soil, mud, or urine carried by many wild animals can transmit the bacterial infection leptospirosis to dogs. This illness can result in liver and kidney failure and death. That’s zoonotic, which means it, like rabies, can be transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Bordetella is a bacterium that causes kennel cough, a respiratory disease. Dogs are in danger when exposed to other dogs in kennels, grooming facilities, training programs, daycare, and dog parks.
  • Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory virus that can be quite dangerous to dogs. Canine influenza strains have been classified into two categories.

Although these vaccines are not core vaccines, they are vital for most dogs at risk of infectious diseases.

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Schedule of Dog Vaccination

It’s critical to keep up with your schedule of dog vaccination. Puppy vaccinations prevent many diseases and disorders that could arise without proper immunization. Following a puppy, a vaccination regimen is linked with good puppy care. Your veterinarian can begin administering an adult dog immunization program once your puppy reaches adulthood and has received all of the key puppy vaccines. Here is the puppy vaccine schedule chart.

  • Distemper – For Puppies – 3 doses after 3 months. For Adults- 2 doses every 3 years. 
  • Parainfluenza – For Puppies – 3 doses, every 3 months. For Adults- 2 doses every 1 year
  • Rabies- For Puppies- 2 months. For Adults- 3 years
  • Parvovirus- For Puppies, 3 doses every 3 months. For Adults- 1 dose every 1 year
  • Bordetella- For Puppies, 3 doses, 6 weeks. For Adults – 2-3 doses every 1 year
  • Leptospirosis- For Puppies 8th and 11th week. For Adults- 2 doses every 1 year. 

Side Effects of Dog Vaccination

Most vaccine side effects in dogs are short-term and moderate, making them far less dangerous than the infections that vaccinations protect them from. Here is a list of all the side effects of dog vaccination.

  • The most common side effects of immunizations in pets are lethargy, a small temperature, and some moderate discomfort. A pet acting differently than usual is a sign of this. It is a common side effect of immunizations, and the symptoms should be minor and last only a day or two. If your Dog or cat isn’t acting like themselves after a few days, seek assistance from your veterinarian.
  • Lumps and bumps are common adverse effects. At the point where the needle enters the skin, a tiny, firm bump may form, which is a natural reaction. The pet owners should keep an eye on the lump to make sure it doesn’t become larger or show signs of inflammation, leaking, or infection. The lump should not be painful and will fade away in approximately a week. Call your veterinarian if the lump hasn’t gone away after a week or exhibits signs of infection.
  • Dogs and cats most commonly receive vaccines by injection, although some receive them through drops or sprays.. Intranasal vaccination side effects resemble a cold, with symptoms such as a runny nose, coughing, and sneezing. These symptoms should pass in a day or two for your cat or Dog. Contact your veterinarian if your pet does not improve within a few days or begins to exhibit more serious symptoms. 
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The other side effects include- Slugginess, Vomiting, Diarrhea, and Loss of Appetite. You can overlook Mild Side effects, like with human immunizations. The majority of reactions are moderate and only last a few minutes. Call your veterinarian immediately if you notice signs of a more serious reaction to puppy or dog immunizations, such as face swelling, vomiting, or lethargy. 

What should I Consider before Vaccinating a Dog? 

  • Before the Vaccination, avoid taking your Dog or your puppy to the park. Because the place where other dogs or animals leave their traces of urine and stool, your pet can get sick out of its bacteria and viruses. 
  • Avoid contracting your puppy with other human beings. Puppies are generally sensible and can get sick easily, even from your house guest. 
  • Don’t take a Vacation. If your pet is not properly immunized, traveling to other places can make him fall sick. 
  • Give him a proper diet and plenty of rest. After the Vaccination, your Dog might undergo mild symptoms. So, he must have a proper diet even before the Vaccination. 


Vaccines are an important component of your Dog’s medical care, but determining which ones they require—and when they require them—can be difficult. So consult your veterinarian and talk about your Dog’s age, medical issues, and the risk. The vet will help you with a list of all the vaccines that your Dog is due for. Like any other immunization routine, a dog vaccination plan should be followed religiously. It guarantees that your canine companion is healthy, happy, and well for the rest of their life. Make an appointment for your canine buddy to get vaccinated right now.