Have you ever observed your cat hair loss patches, reddened skin, itching sensation, scratching, etc. If yes, then your cat is suffering from Mange. You may wonder what is mange in cats, it is a mite-associated skin disease in livestock, domestic pets, and wild animals. Another term for mite is acariasis because these mites belong to the arachnid and subclass Acari. These parasitic mites damage either skin or hair follicles of the host; they burrow into the skin and live in follicles. The cat mange symptoms should be keenly observed, and kitten should be taken to a veterinary hospital asap.
What Is Mange In Cats?
Mange on a cat is a skin disease often caused by a parasitic mite called Demodex. It lives in hair follicles and oil glands of feline’s skin. Notoedres is a sarcoptic mite that is found in cats. These mites are arachnids that occupy and burrow under the top layer of the cat’s skin and cause discomfort. Adult mites lay eggs under the skin.
Types of Cat Mange
Mange is a skin disease that is commonly caused by mites (parasites). Here you can get the causes, symptoms and treatment of cats affected by mange. Here is some of types of mange in cats.
Also know as canine scabies, with a life cycle of 17 to 21 days. Female mites burrow host’s skin to lay their eggs and hatch and damage cat’s skin. This type of mange causes sores, hair loss and itching in kittens skin. When the cat scratches, the condition worsens and causes sores. Cats with long-term recurring mange may develop seborrhea, thickening skin with wrinkles and oozing sores. This type of mange is spread to cats through dogs living in the same place as it is highly contagious.
Notoedric mange in cats is also known as Feline scabies. The symptoms and life cycle are similar to that of sarcoptic mange, including sores, hair loss, and itching.
The Otodectic mange is also called Ear mites. As name suggests, this mite burrows inside the cat’s ear. It causes severe itching and can cause severe damage to cat’s eardrum. They can be found inside the feline ear’s canal and affect outer ear. Kittens with this type of skin mites in cats are diagnosed with suitable medication in the ears or whole body.
Chetletiellosis mites are also known as “walking dandruff.” These mites are very tiny, white and move around the cat’s body. They also affect other pets in the house, and they can also affect humans.
Trombiculosis mites are commonly known as chiggers; these attach tightly to the cat’s skin and suck their blood until they fall off. They look like small orange oval-shaped creatures. They appear on the cat’s head, belly or paws.
The Feline demodicosis causes itching and hair loss in cats already sick. Demodex mites cause feline demodicosis. It is commonly found in younger cats and is highly contagious.
How the Cat is Affected By Mange?
Mites are innate creatures in cat’s body, and they live in hair follicles or under its skin. The problem arises only when mites are outnumbered and take away all nutrition from the cat’s body. Mites also spread to cats by other animals like dogs or other affected cats. These mites cause irritating, itchy and uncomfortable sensations. So the kittens does everything it can do to get rid of pain. The cat will lick, bite or scratch the itching or affected area. It causes hair loss and inflamed skin. Scaly patches of skin, sores, inflammation, or scabies can be seen in cat’s skin. Cat’s shake their head continuously in case of ear mites which causes discomfort in the ear canals of cat by moving here and there. Heavy ear wax and mite residue can be seen in cat’s ear.
Cat Mange Symptoms
- Itching and scratching
- Loss of hair
- Patchy scale in the skin
- Licking excessively
- Restlessness can be seen in the cat because of the uncomfortable feeling
- Grooming excessively
- Hair loss around face, ear and other parts of the body
- Inflammation in skin
- Red spots all over the face
- Swelling in the affected areas
- Bumps can be seen
How Do You Get Rid of Mange on a Cat?
After confirmation, you should immediately take your pet to the Vet for diagnosis and start proper cat mange treatment. You can use the same treatments commonly used for preventing fleas and heartworm. But one must be clear that dosing will differ. Your Vet will prescribe cat flea & tick shampoos, cat mange spray and medicines for sores and inflammation. Ensure that your kitten is hygienic and healthy, and the Vet will provide cleaning tips.
Avoiding the cat’s contact with other pets is mandatory. Even after several days of treatment, one must understand that mites may still linger on the cat’s collar, bed, toys, carpets, and furniture. So it’s the primary duty of a pet owner to keep a keen eye on all those things. It is better to sanitize all the surroundings of your cat. Creams suggested by the doctor can be used to avoid itching. Following all steps suggested by the doctor will eventually cure disease.
“Prevention is better than cure.” The best way to prevent mange in a cat is to avoid contact with other animals. Keeping the environment clean. Boosting the cat’s immune system, keeping the cat healthy and hygienic. These ways can prevent a cat from managing.
Yes, there are possibilities that mange can kill a cat. Feline suffering from long term reoccurring and chronical mange like seborrhea leads to death if it not diagnosed and treated at right time.
Yes, Sarcoptic mange is highly contagious to humans and other pets on close contact.