When you see your dog in pain, you might want to rush to do something and help them feel calm and relieved. But, giving them human medicines can be even more damaging and problematic for them. With the help of science and research, we have come a long way in identifying the best possible solutions for the pain caused by varying conditions. In this article, we will learn about what can I give my dog for pain and the different methods of relieving pain in your furry friends.
What are Some Common Causes of Dog Pain?
Dogs feel pain for many similar reasons as we do. The only difference is we can speak for ourselves, and they cannot. Some of the most common reasons for pain in canines are:
- Canine problems
- Gastric issues
- Eye infections
- Ear infections
- Rickets and other bone diseases.
- Neurological sickness
- Bowel diseases
- Ticks and skin diseases
Signs of Pain in Dogs
When your dog is in pain, it can show different signs and symptoms. There are two major signs leading to dog pain. They are psychological and physiological signs.
- Aggressiveness: They might start being over-aggressive because of pain and irritation.
- Introvert Behaviour: During pain, your dog can sometimes become antisocial.
- Opposing to be Touched: Your dog would not want to be petted.
- Oversleeping: If your dog’s sleeping schedule suddenly changes, it can be a sign of pain.
- Anxiety: If your dog is restless and anxious most of the time, it is probably because it is in pain or in some discomfort.
- Relentless Barking: Dogs sometimes bark excessively due to pain.
- Deprivation of Appetite: If the appetite surprisingly drops, that is because it is ill.
- Excessive Panting: Dogs pant due to weakness and pain. It surely can be a signal that your dog is in pain.
- Redundant Licking: Licking is normal for dogs, but if they start licking excessively, they are facing some discomfort in that particular region.
- Weakness: If your dog is tired and is on its bed most of the time, it can be a sign of pain.
- Squinting: Eyes injuries and infections can cause them to squint.
- Limping: Leg internal injuries, fractures, or infections can force your dog to limp.
- Trembling: Fever or some diseases can make your dog tremble.
- Curved Back: Your dog may get back injury while playing and jumping around, due to which they might curve their backs.
- Wheezing: Because of pain, your dog can sometimes make a wheezing sound while breathing.
- Scratching: If they are scratching more than usual, that may signal skin irritation or pain, probably because of ticks.
- Expanded Pupils: Dogs enlarged pupils sometimes can be a severe medical condition too. Glaucoma, iris atrophy, and tumours are some common diseases.
- Flat Ears: dogs tend to flatten their ears in fear and pain.
- Swollen Body Part: if your dog’s body part is swollen, it is probably in great pain.
What Can I Give my Dog for Pain?
Now, what can you give dogs for pain relief? There are multiple medications to ease your dog’s pain. Some of them are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, gabapentin(anticonvulsants), tramadol (opioid), Acetaminophen, fatty acid supplements, turmeric, cannabidiol oil, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and joint supplements.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
An NSAID is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. They are very helpful in reducing inflammation and are efficient for pain and fever treatment. Most vets prescribe this drug to treat pain and fever in your dog.
- Some of the most selling and effective NSAIDs you can give your dog to get rid of pain are carprofen, deracoxib, firocoxib, and meloxicam. Generally, NSAIDs are safe for dogs, but they might sometimes cause minor side effects causing vomiting and urine infection.
- Besides this, human NSAIDs like Ibuprofen should never be given to dogs. This can be toxic for them. The outcomes of giving human prescribed NSAIDs for dogs can be fatal. It can cause kidney failure, intestinal issues, internal bleeding, and even death.
Joint Supplements for Dogs
The use of these supplements is recommended to promote bone growth and treat bone diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis. Joint supplements contain glucosamine hydrochloride, chondroitin sulfate, omega-3 fatty acids, cannabidiol, and avocado soybean that provide dog joint pain relief.
CBD Oil for Pain Relief in Dogs
- CBD oil is widely used as a temporary pain relief for dogs because of its anti-inflammatory properties. CBD oil is also beneficial because of its heart benefits, anti-depressant properties, and appetite improvement.
- Apart from benefits, there are some side effects, too, including hypotension. However, the decline is minor sleepiness because it is also used to treat anxiety, so the sedative effect causes drowsiness in dogs and dry mouth as it reduces saliva production.
There are numerous other ways to alleviate pain symptoms in your dogs. Traditional medicines are helpful and work faster, but they can pave the way for additional issues and complications. Therefore, we are listing a comprehensive list of alternative therapies you can consider when looking for a solution for pain relief in Dogs.
Tylenol for Dogs
Tylenol (Acetaminophen) is a drug used for treating pain and fever, primarily for humans. This medicine is said not to be safe for dogs. In dogs, Tylenol can show some effect in getting rid of the pain, but it does have the properties of anti inflammatory for dogs which means it is never an appropriate drug choice for relieving pain if given as a solo drug. Tylenol for your pets can be toxic and lethal, and it might affect your dog’s liver and, in some cases, can cause death too. Signs of Tylenol toxicity in dogs include fast breathing, vomiting, depression, gums turning blue, brown, or yellow, dehydration, and swelling.
Opioids for Dogs
Morphine is of the most used opioids by vets as pain killers for dogs. Some side effects of morphine are sleepiness, lethargy, and behaviour change, sometimes good and bad. Apart from this, two other opioids are approved for treatment, buprenorphine and butorphanol for dogs. However, most people believe that it is not the most effective way.
Gabapentin for Dogs
Gabapentin for canines is an anticonvulsant drug used for treating pain and distress. However, vets and researchers have reported its effectiveness on dogs despite being FDA-unapproved. However, some vets suggest not to give oral form gabapentin made for human consumption as it contains xylitol which is toxic for dogs.
There are no serious gabapentin side effects for dogs, and minor side effects include sleepiness.
Amantadine for Dogs
Amantadine for canines is an antiviral drug that also contains pain-relieving effects. It is not FDA approved drug for use in animals, but it is given to small animals like dogs and cats. When given to dogs, it is mainly accompanied by other drugs like NSAID, gabapentin, and opioids. Its main effect is to treat pain. Amantadine’s side effects include irritation, anxiety, increased saliva production, loose motions, and a gaseous stomach.
Over the Counter Pain Meds for Dogs
In the medical line, the term ‘over-the-counter’, commonly called OTC, means the pills you can buy without a prescription. There are only a few OTC that are safe for your dog. Prior to giving your pet any OTC medication, you should always consult with your veterinarian. These meds can turn out to be dangerous and can affect their liver and kidneys. OTCs that are safe for your dog are:
- Loperamide: It is highly effective for diarrhea if given in the ratio of 1 milligram per 9 kg of body weight.
- Famotidine: These medicines are used for acid reflux in humans and have worked well with dogs.
- Antibiotic ointment: Such ointments are used externally on cuts and wounds. They help clean and heal open wounds and are extremely safe for dogs.
- Hydrogen peroxide: it is used to clean and heal an open wound. Sometimes also given orally to initiate vomiting if your dog swallowed something toxic or a foreign object.
Home Remedies to Treat Pain in Dogs
Originating from the Indian spice turmeric, curcumin is a compound that has natural anti-inflammatory properties and many more benefits. It is said that curcumin decreases the possibility of your getting diseases like cancer.
These supplements help the cartilage by supporting them. Glycosaminoglycan molecules help in supporting the joints because of their anti-inflammatory properties.
Fish Oil & Green-Lipped Mussels
Fish oil contains omega-3 essential fatty acids like EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). They help in bettering the nervous system of the body while reducing inflammation. This is a widely used method. As compared to fish oils, green-lipped mussels provide 90 varieties of omega-3 essential fatty acids. For this purpose you can also give your loyal buddies the fish oil capsules for dogs.
Turmeric, Pepper & Coconut Oil
Turmeric is famous for its healing abilities. It is an excellent antioxidant and prevents the natural breakdown of cells in your dog’s body. Keep the doses small, as turmeric tends to be a hot spice.
- It is also called golden paste. You can make it home by mixing one cup of filtered water and half a cup of turmeric in a pan.
- Keep stirring it until it makes a thick paste. It will take 7-10 minutes, and you can keep some excess water to thin down the paste if it is excessively chunky. If the paste is watery, add more turmeric and keep it on low heat.
- When the consistency is right, add one and a half tablespoons of freshly ground black pepper and one-fourth cup of Coconut oil.
- Keep stirring the mixture thoroughly. You can store this mixture in the refrigerator for about two weeks. MCT oil can be used as a substitute for coconut oil.
Natural Pain Relief for Dogs
As a result of conventional treatment methods, side effects and secondary problems arise. So many dog owners prefer natural remedies. These cures are not only for relieving the pain but supply the comfort and ease.
Heat or cold compress can help relieve inflammation and pain. While cold therapy can assist in more recent injuries, heat compression is helpful in chronic conditions. It is an easy-to-use procedure. You can keep the heat compress on your dog’s body for about 5-10 minutes. You can do it several times a day without causing any harm to your dog.
This therapy helps to soothe your dog’s sore muscles and joints. An expert must carry it out in chiropractic techniques. It promotes better function and movement.
Acupuncture for Dogs
Any massaging activities, like acupuncture for your pets, must be carried out by a certified acupuncturist. The procedure involves the placement of needles into the body at specific points to release muscle tension. It improves blood flow and enables the natural production of pain-reliever in the body. Acupuncture also induces the production of endorphins which make the dogs feel amazing after a massage session. It comes without any side effects.
There is no need to give human medications to your canine family members. Here is a list of medicines that can prove to be toxic for dogs.
- Over-the-counter pain relievers like Ibuprofen are generally a part of Advil, Nuprin, and Motrin.
- Decongestants like Tylenol contains Acetaminophen for dogs.
- And, Naproxen is usually a part of Aleve.
- Aspirin can be considered safe as long as it is given inadequate and prescribed dosage. The vet would determine your pet’s size, weight, and medical history before allowing the intake of Aspirin. Professionals usually suggest these for dogs who suffer from osteoarthritis or musculoskeletal inflammation.
There are several ways to provide treatment for the pain of your dogs including the natural pain relief for dogs. It is possible to harm yourself in the long run if you rely on heavy and strong medications. Dietary modifications can help in chronic inflammation without the help of any other substitute. Massage therapy or acupuncture can be beneficial in severe cases. These methods could be executed to give your pet a happy and healthy life.