As an experienced painter, nothing is more tiring and stressful than working with an old-school manual painting setup, especially if the painting area is massive. In such situations, a spray painting machine is the best alternative for you. But using a paint spray gun may be a frenzy if you are a new user. Here is our detailed guide about how to use airless paint sprayer.
What is an Airless Paint Sprayer?
An airless spray painter pumps paint in the form of fine droplets at high pressure – 3000 psi and gives a neat finish, also saving you time. It helps you to achieve a neat and clean finish of painting from the small nozzle of the sprayer. However, first-time users find electric airless paint sprayers challenging to use. This guide will walk you through all the steps and assist you with how to use a spray paint gun.
What is Required for Airless Spray Painting?
- Spare cloth or plastic sheets: To cover objects and prevent any paint spillage.
- Masking tape: This is also called painter’s tape. It will protect surfaces that don’t need to be painted.
- Water or commercial paint thinner: The paint needs to be thinned for easier flow and even consistency.
- Protective face mask or breathing aid/respirator: Self-protection comes first in paint jobs, especially when dealing with fine particles and chemical fumes.
- Gloves and apron : What better than a painter’s uniform to protect your clothes and body?
- Goggles: The harmful chemical fumes can cause severe damage to your eyes. Get the best quality painter’s goggles for your work.
- Pencil: A pencil is the first step to being a painter, especially when marking on the walls of a customer’s house.
- Sandpaper : For scraping surfaces.
- Airless Paint Sprayer : Of course, an essential tool for your paint job. These are available in different sizes, styles, and designs such as professional cordless paint sprayers. Pick one that suits your painting style and regular projects.
- Extension Pole: Useful when you want to paint surfaces that are hard to reach.
- Airless Paint Sprayer Tip : You have several sprayer tips to choose from. Your choice depends on your project and the paint’s consistency.
How to Use Airless Paint Sprayer?
Using a paint sprayer will surely make your job of paintaing hassle free. But you have to follow certain steps to do it in effective way. Following are the steps to use airless paint sprayer.
Step 1: Preparing Your Workspace
- A cleaning solution coupled with a pressure washer works best when you clean walls and other surfaces that require painting.
- After the surface dries, resume the existing repair work and chipping. Utilize sandpaper for sanding on rough surfaces.
- Utilize masking tape as a control to protect surfaces from over-spraying. Also, employ plastic sheets to cover larger objects like furniture, carpets, and antiques.
- Ensure that the painting area is closed off to children and pets. At the same time, one should well ventilate the painting area or room for the painter to function properly.
Step 2: Wear Protective Gear
- After you’re done preparing the surface, your next job is to prepare yourself for the paint job.
- Wear your protective gear – goggles, gloves, apron, respirator, and plastic to protect your shoes.
- Ensure that your gear doesn’t have any wear and tear so that you are comfortable with it.
Step 3: Prepare your Paint
- Usually, latex paint is the ideal choice for an airless paint sprayer. However, paint thinning is important because it ensures that your paint sprayer nozzle will not get clogged.
- Utilize water equal to a fourth of your paint’s quantity for thinning or commercial paint thinners.
- You can adjust the mixture as per the thickness and consistency you desire.
- Following the mixture, strain your paint through filter papers or strainers to remove solid particles and clumps.
- Once the paint mixture is ready, progress towards the next step – preparing and priming your airless paint sprayer.
Step 4: Airless Paint Sprayer Preparation
- Set up the suction as per requirements and prepare the paint bucket.
- Place the suction tube in the paint bucket and the priming tube in a waste bucket.
- Most airless paint sprayers have a prime button. Activate the prime sequence and turn on the pressure valve until pumping begins.
- Ensure that the removable filter and pump in your paint sprayer are clean and working efficiently.
- After priming, fill the hose with paint. Following that, lock the trigger and release the pressure valve.
Step 5: Testing and Working With the Airless Paint Sprayer
- Use the trigger to spray paint on the target. Turn the pump on and switch the ‘spray’ lever on.
- After that, spray on testing cardboard to check the consistency of the output and the pressure of the spray.
- You can adjust the settings and pressure as per your requirement and setup.
- Maintain a 10-15 cm distance, which is considered safe and results in sound output.
Pros and Cons of Airless Paint Sprayer
- The results when using paint rollers and paints can be unsatisfactory. The process leaves streaks and patches. This is not the case with airless paint sprayers, which give a smooth consistency.
- Airless paint sprayers aid in finishing the paint job quickly, requiring minimal patchwork.
- When working on textured walls and uneven surfaces, an airless paint sprayer gives the ideal product because of an even paint consistency and application.
- The flow of the paint can be controlled, a handy feature as a painter can experiment with their spraying techniques and give a darker or lighter finish as per project requirements.
- You can move airless Paint Spraying setups efficiently.
- Occasionally, when spraying, fine particles may get suspended in the air and not stick to the desired surface.
- Expert painters believe that airless paint spraying requires more paint and may increase input costs.
- Airless paint spraying is an experienced person’s job.
- The working area needs to be managed efficiently – proper masking and covering of furniture and objects to prevent spillage.
- The equipment for airless paint sprayers is expensive.
Airless Paint Sprayer Tips
- Use the right tip for paint job applications. These are available in various ranges, 0.009 to 0.019. Your choice depends on your project.
- Check the pressure of spray before beginning your paint job. Do a test run on cardboard or another test surface.
- Start at the outside edges of the walls. This gives efficiency and reduces errors in your paint jobs.
- If the pattern presents tails during a test run, increase the pressure of the spray. On the other hand, if the pressure is too high, the results will be an ‘overspray’ on the surface.
- Leave your workspace well ventilated for the best drying cycle.
- Ensure to thin the paints like oil or latex based spray paint using a sprayer for easy application and finish.
Airless Paint Spraying can challenge newbies in the ‘spray painting’ business. However, once mastered, this skill can definitely up your prospects in the painting industry and help you develop innovative methods to finish your most significant projects.